Case law Nusrat bhutto vs COAS 1977

Begum Nusrat Bhutto vs Chief of Army staff and Federation of Pakistan (PLD 1977 SC 657)

Pettioner's Case:A petition under Art. 184(3) of the Constitution of Mr. Zulfrqar Ali Bhutto, former Prime Minister of Pakistan, and ten other leaders of the Pakistan People’s Party under Martial Law Order No. 12 of 1977.
The petition states that Mr. Zulfrqar Ali Bhutto and the ten other leaders of the Pakistan People‘s Party were arrested in the early hours of the 17th of September, 1977 and detained in various prisons in the four Provinces of Pakistan. It is stated that on the evening of the 17th of September, 1977, the Chief of the Army Staff made a public statement, in which he leveled highly unfair and incorrect allegations against the Pakistan People’s Party Government and the detenus by way of explaining away their arrest and detention. He also indicated his intention of placing the detenus before Military Courts or Tribunals for trial so as to enforce the principle of public accountabil…

Sources of Public International Law 1

Custom and Treaty as material Sources of International law
Introduction:International law is a body of those laws governing the legal relations between nations. It has also been defined as the rules and principles of general application dealing with the conduct of nations and of international organizations and with their relations inter se, as well as with their relations with persons, whether natural or juridical. From  the Viewpoint of its sources international law is a body of consensual principles, which have evolved from customs and practices which civilized nations utilize in regulating their relationships and such customs have great moral force. Primarily, however, international customs and treaties are generally considered to be the most important sources of international law, as indicated in Article 38 of the Statute of International court of justice. Besides, there are some other sources of international law which are, mostly, indicated by international jurists. A detailed…

Alteration of memorandum of association

Alteration of memorandum of association of a corporation under company lawLegal procedure for alteration of existing memorandum of association:
1. STEPS REQUIRED FOR ALTERATION OF MEMORANDUM: The following steps are involved in the alteration of memorandum:  1. Preliminary discussion at broad meetings and company’s advisers to determine the best course to adopt and the precise nature of the desired alteration. 2. Where company’s shares are quoted on a stock exchange, ensure that the requirements of the exchange are fully and well understood and complied with. 3. Prior consultation with some of the large shareholders, creditors and the debenture-holders to ensure, so far as possible, that the proposed change will be adopted. 4. Can any matter be settled beforehand with the registrar, e.g whether a new name will meet with his approval.